Types Of Crusher

Types of crusher is one of the significant topic looked for mostly by new entrants. It is quite an understandable search as the machine selection should be made based on which sector the machine will be used in. In this article, we are going to give basic information about the types of crusher.

Before giving details about the types of crusher, let’s talk about the basic function of the crusher. Crushers are used to crush large rocks, stones, ores or mines into smaller pieces and turn them into gravel, sand or rock dust. Apart from these, they also play an active role in recycling of waste concrete and asphalt.

Types of Crusher Based on Working Principles

Types of crusher have emerged the need for crushing machines with different operating mechanisms as a result of the different needs of the sectors. For example, in order to process coarse material in the mining industry, it may often be necessary to use a primary crusher and a secondary crusher first, followed by a third, and if necessary, a fourth type of crusher.

Based on the working principle, crushing machines are divided into the following types:

  • Cone crusher
  • Jaw crusher
  • Impact crusher

It is the most basic classification. These machines can also have subkinds. For example, impact crushers have kinds of vertical shaft impact crusher and tertiary crusher.

Type of Crusher Material Hardness Usage Areas
Jaw Crusher From soft to hard Mining, quarry, sand and gravel manufacturing, recycling
Cone Crusher Medium to hard Quarries, sand and gravel manufacturing
Impact Crusher Soft to very hard Mines, sand and gravel manufacturing, recycling

What is a Jaw Crusher? How does it work?

Jaw crusher is one of the most commonly used crusher machine. It uses the force of compression to bring the material into smaller pieces. The material is compressed between two surfaces, one stationary and the other mobile. Crushing is performed with the surface force of the moving part.

What is the Working Principle of Cone Crusher?

Cone crusher is generally used for crushing abrasive and hard rocks. Mantle, which moves periodically during the crushing process, opens and closes compatible with concave. The material gets stuck during closing. It moves down from the crushing zone during opening.

How Does Impact Crusher Work?

Impact crushers do not use pressure to crush the material. They perform the crushing process with direct impact.

Vertical shaft impact crushers benefit from speed during the crushing process. This method has been developed as the desired cubicity ratio cannot be reached when pressure is used. In this way, the crushing force is transmitted to the entire surface at the same rate.


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